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Understanding Stages Of Dementia

Understanding Stages Of Dementia

Dementia is a common term used to define a category of diseases that cause memory loss and a decline in other mental functions. It is a progressive disease that is triggered by changes in the brain which affect the thought process, the ability to organize information as well as cause memory impairment.

To understand how the disease progresses, it is important to have knowledge about its different stages. Being aware about the stage of the dementia helps in determining the suitable approach for treatment and care. Following are the stages of dementia:

  • Stage 1 (Mild Dementia): At the onset of dementia, the individual is capable of functioning independently and does not require care assistance. The symptoms of mild dementia are often confused with common signs of aging. However, signs like memory lapses, difficulty in concentrating on tasks, planning and organizing, etc. should not be ignored. Individuals suffering from initial stage of dementia may benefit from coping strategies such as writing to-do lists, scheduling medications and setting simple reminders. The symptoms of this stage last for 2 to 4 years.
  • Stage 2 (Moderate Dementia): The middle stage of dementia is characterized by difficulty in handling daily tasks and extensive memory issues. It is the longest stage of dementia usually lasting for 2-10 years with extensive damage to the brain. In the stage of moderate dementia, individuals experience difficulty in remembering obvious details such as their address and personal history. They have difficulty in communicating with others as they tend to lose track of their thoughts and what they want to say. Also, mood and behavior changes are common in this stage as an individual may become more aggressive, experience sleeping difficulties, depression, paranoia, anger and frustration. Repeating actions and words, wandering and experiencing incontinence is common for individuals suffering from this stage of dementia. An individual may require assistance and constant supervision while performing activities like bathing, dressing, grooming and taking medication.
  • Stage 3 (Severe Dementia): This is the advanced stage of dementia and is characterized by severe communication problems, worsened memory, inability to walk and perform daily living activities such as eating and taking care of personal hygiene. In this stage, most individuals end up being bedridden and require round the clock assistance. They usually require help for the simplest of movements such as turning in bed, moving from a bed to a chair, swallowing food and so on. The last stage of dementia lasts for approximately 1 to 3 years.

Luvida Memory Care is a living facility for assisting seniors suffering from dementia. For more information, call at (254) 613-4119 or visit 2400 Piazza Drive, Belton, TX-76513.